Char, René

(1907-1988)
   poet
   Born in L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, in Provence, René Char came to poetry early, especially after reading the poems of the French surrealist paul eluard.By the 1930s, as a poet himself, Char befriended other French surrealist poets, notably louis aragon and André breton, and collaborated with them in collective writing. Char's first independently written collection of surrealist poems, Le Marteau sans maître (1934), was later put to music by pierre boulez. During World War II, Char became a leader in the resistance and, as chief of a sabotage sector, made many parachute drops behind enemy lines. He joined General Charles de gaulle in Algeria in 1944 and participated in the liberation of paris in that same year. After the war and until his death, he devoted himself to poetry, spending much of his time in his native provence, writing and conferring with friends, including albert camus and the German philosopher Martin Heidegger. He worked regularly, too, with various artists, such as henri matisse, Pablo Picasso, maria vieira da silva, and Joan Miro. Char also wrote tributes to those who influenced him, including Arthur rimbaud, as well as surrealistic works. Two collections of poetry reflect his experience in the Resistance, Seuls demeurent (1945) and Feuillets d'Hypnos (1946). Many of his other works evoke the rustic atmosphere and beauty of his beloved Provence. Considered one of the most important French poets of the postwar era, Char, who translated the works of such poets as petrarch, william shakespeare, Emily Dickinson, and ossip Mandelstam, believed poetry could provide a nonrational and intuitive understanding of a constantly changing and mysterious world.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Char, René — ▪ French author born June 14, 1907, L Isle sur la Sorgue, Fr. died Feb. 19, 1988, Paris       French poet who began as a Surrealist but who, after his experiences as a Resistance leader in World War II, wrote economical verse with moralistic… …   Universalium

  • Char, René — ► (1907 88) Poeta francés. Tras abandonar el grupo surrealista de André Bréton orientó su obra hacia temáticas más comprometidas, como los poemas de resistencia: Solos permanecen (1945) y Papeles de Hipnos (1946), entre otros …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Char — Char, René …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • René Char — Portrait de René Char Nom de naissance René Émile Char Autres noms Capitaine Alexandre pendan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rene Char — René Char René Char Place René Char à Bollène Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René — (born again, or reborn, in French) is a very common given name in French speaking countries. It comes from the Latin name Renatus. René is normally, originally only a masculine name (Renée being the feminine form). But in non Francophone… …   Wikipedia

  • char — 1. char [ ʃar ] n. m. • charre 1080; lat. carrus 1 ♦ Vieilli Voiture rurale, tirée par un animal, à quatre roues et sans ressorts. ⇒ chariot, 1. charrette. Char à foin. Char à bœufs. « Les grands chars gémissants qui reviennent le soir » (Hugo ) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • René Char — (* 14. Juni 1907 in L Isle sur la Sorgue, Vaucluse; † 19. Februar 1988 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (in Auswahl) 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René Char — (June 14, 1907 ndash; February 19, 1988) was a 20th century French poet.BiographyBorn in L Isle sur la Sorgue in the Vaucluse department of France, he died in 1988, in Paris. In 1929 he met André Breton and Paul Éluard and joined the surrealist… …   Wikipedia

  • René Char — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda René Char (L Isle sur Sorgue, Vaucluse, 14 de junio de 1907, París 19 de febrero de 1988); poeta francés. Biografía Al terminar el bachillerato en el liceo de Avignon, su familia lo envió a Marsella para estudiar… …   Wikipedia Español

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